One element of European culture and a fundamental part of the Mediterranean diet is the wine, which arrived in the Canary Islands with the first Spanish settlers during the conquest.
Together with the first samples of wine brought by Castilians, begin to reach the island landscape wine press accompanied by wine cellars in form of stone, wood and tile constructions.
Among the objects found included grape seed, remains of treated grapes, vine shoots and a clay vat apparently used for fermentation. ‘The winery would have contained a few liters of juice and crushed grapes, so it would presumable with the traditional technique of treading grapes barefoot.
The wine press consists of the building and mechanical parts. The building or construction regularly a rectangular building is covered by a gable roof, which houses the armored, made in ordinary masonry where is trod and pressed the grapes; Lagareta or tub where the juice is collected.
- The stone, of a conical shape, with little inclination, will be the force application on the lever.
- The spindle is a great screw carved in wood approximately 3 metres long and a diameter of 20 centimetres which rests on the stone
- The club is the nut where the spindle is screwed.
This forms the moving mechanism exerting with its weight the pressure of the device functioning thus with the principle at lever of the second type.
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