How to realize a canarian threadwork

Calado de La Casa de Los Balcones

Calado de La Casa de Los Balcones

Materials:

  • A small frame
  • A piece of cloth, at least 35 x 35 cms. (fabric must be very thin, linen)
  • A skein of yarn
  • A needle
  • A pair of scissors

Steps to Follow:

After placing the material in an appropriate frame, maintaining a work surface of at least 10 cm on each side, begin by pulling 6 threads, then leave 6 pull out 6 and leave 25.

We form the squares on the threads left by separating the threads by 5 in 5, putting the needle always in the center of the square.

We make an escapulario, stitch picking up the same 5 threads from around the square over the 6 threads left.

We finish with 4 spirit stiches on the 4 empty.

At the edge of the work will have a fine scallops.

Once completed, we will cut the scallop edge . After washing and ironing, we can enjoy an authentic canarian threadwork handkerchief.

The Thread work

La Casa de Los Balcones is the true temple of the Canary threadwork, held true to tradition, pampering secular techniques with the aim to transmit to future generations in the developed workshops and where endures the name of Eladia Machado.

This master artisan in the decade of the 40s of last century had his workshop in the current Casa del Turista, at San Francisco de la Villa de La Orotava. From his master was born the current traditional dress (Traje de Mago), which origens dates back to the mid-nineteenth century to the Monteverde family

From the safe and expert hands of these artisans are born true works of art ranging from rich tablecloths, suitable for decorating important occasion’s centers of all measure ments available to any pocket.

The Rosetta and thread work craftsmanship are the two most commonly used in the Canary Islands. The first is an embroidery, consisting of unraveling a cloth/fabric tightly fastened to a wooden frame fabric while the rosette is to form patterns with threads that are crossed between pins placed on a small circular rag support.

Calando en el patio de la Casa de Los Balcones

Calando en el patio de la Casa de Los Balcones

From La Casa de Los Balcones we wish to share with our community centuries of history and tradition. So for this we gathered together our best craft work produced by our master jig. Below we summarize the different types of thread work, the techniques used and materials that are developed every day in our Craft Workshop.

The Art of Draft

In what consists the slow, painstaking and grueling task?

Once placed the canvas in the frame, and to the protection of the tautness, some yarns have been extracted; others that remain are grouped in different drawings.

Mantel calado a juego con sus servilletas

Mantel calado a juego con sus servilletas

Canarian Tablecloths

Téchniques

  • Thread work: Tied strands and filling empty spaces decorated with drawing.
  • Marking: Remove from the fabric as many strands as necessary for the implementation of stitch you want to perform a drawing in which alternates * holes and threads.
  • Espiguetas: continuous stitches knotting several strands bordering the drawing finishing of the fabric in contact which is in the interior with the open threadwork.
  • Past threads: Set of threads that are passed geometrically and that give support to the drawing you wish to carry out.
Detalle de una caladora – foto de Beatriz Chinea

Detail of thread work worker – Photo of Beatriz Chine

  • Randa: Consists is pulling out strands of the fabric in one direction, in which grouping and knotting the threads up and down in a zig zag forming diamonds in the center of the thread work.
  • loop: Finishing off of the outer edges formed by a line of closely spaced stitches that prevents that it escapes and the thread work unraveling.
  • Sardine Spikes: Crossing of stand in a figure of eight.
  • Puntillo: straight line formed by continuous knots.
Calado canario hecho por las artesanas de la Casa de Los Balcones

Calado canario hecho por las artesanas de la Casa de Los Balcones

Manta Esperancera

La Manta Esperancera
 

Many are the historical references that exist about “la manta esperancera” that used to be used by the canary preasants as a dress pledge. the cold of the humid and high zones of the island created a curious phenomenon; that the blanket, normally imported from England, passed from the beds to a clothing for the men of the countryside.

 

“An image of the snowy Teide, conserved in my memories, the most warm canary embrace with semlls of father and grandpa”

The root of the utilization of this clothes started with the strongest contacts of a commercial type that existed between Canaries and England and with the habitual importation of the “manta esperancera”, that was a natural white colour from the wool, with stripes colour blue near the extremes. There were raincoats, that were a great ally against the rain and the cold. “La manta” was folded in two halves, it was gathered at the neck and was used as a cloak.

Traje de Mago con su Manta Esperancera

John of the Cross refers in his book “Textiles and clothing of Tenerife” A. Diston text that accompanies the lámina “Man of Tacoronte”, his 1824 album reads: “The most striking part of hia outfit is an English blanket folded on a piece of rope tied around his neck. This forms a laver that shields him from the heavy rains that fall in the high dwelling place where he lives and , wrapped in it, spends the night without undressing, lying on the floor of his miserable hut or on a bed of straw. Of all the blankets to Tenerife, not a quarter is used to cover the beds, almost all the farmers take hem as shown here.

The Manila Shawl

Exquisite and colorful garment which takes its name from the city of Manila, capital of the former Spanish colony of the Philippines, where a great quantity of products from the Orient were shipped by Spanish galleons to be brought to Spain.

Mantón de Manila en la Casa de Los Balcones
The shawl was a great success especially in Seville where it began to be used between the singers and “dancers” of flamenco. It also enjoyed a quick popularity in Mexico, with these two areas “driving” of the garment to be the main commerce of the major routes in maritime trade in the sixteenth century.

Diferentes Mantones de Manila disponibles en la Casa de Los Balcones
However, this peculiar garment has its origin in China. They were made of silk and hand embroidered. The decorative motifs, originally were mainly bamboo, dragons and pagodas; but because of the Spanish preferences and to facilitate marketing were changed by more typical motifs of our culture such as flowers, birds, medallions and flower-pots. One of the motifs that has had most acceptance has always been roses, perhaps fot its symbolism reflected in the Passion of Christ. There are some who adjudicate meanings to each type of flower and so lily is purity; Daisy: impatience; rose: secret; sunflower: fidelity…

Mantón de Manila en la Casa de Los Balcones
It notes that the first Shawls of Manila had no fringes. It was in Spain where they were added. The lattice fringe and the sumptuous and elaborate embroidery, are primarily responsible for the high cost, but undoubtedly, also, for its great beauty.

Manton de Manila